MapLink™ | Procedures | Institutional Master Plans

Hello! Content on this website is provided as a convenience and is for informational use only. Be sure to review the Terms of Use for all of the details related to your use of this website.
Institutional Master Plans
a) Purpose. Institutional Master Plan requirements are intended to provide a framework for development of large institutional uses in campus-like settings. Approval of an Institutional Master Plan is intended to permit flexibility in site development and in the design and arrangement of buildings that is not possible when development occurs on a lot-by-lot or building-by-building basis. In addition, it is intended that the master planning process and resulting master plan document protect the integrity of adjacent neighborhoods. The provisions for an institutional master plan are intended to create efficient, functional, and attractive areas that incorporate a high level of amenities and meet public objectives for protection and preservation of the natural and built environment. The provisions are intended to ensure compatible uses and structures within institutional master planned areas and between institutional areas and areas adjacent to them. The provisions are intended to prevent adverse impacts associated with the unplanned growth of large institutions; to ensure adequate provision for pedestrian and vehicular movement; to provide open spaces for light, air and recreation; and to provide for the efficient provision of utilities, services and facilities.

b) Master Planning Area. An Institutional Master Plan must be prepared and submitted by the institution and include all area within the IC district and an area extending out at least 300 feet from the boundary of the IC district, unless the City Planner establishes a different area requirement based on a review of the following:
1) Physical area occupied or controlled by the existing institution;
2) Trends in property values;
3) Redevelopment potential of surrounding areas;
4) Proximity of other institutional uses;
5) Condition of structures; and
6) Level of area vacancy.
c) Planning Requirements. An institutional master plan must, at a minimum, include the following information unless the City Planner determines that such information is not necessary to evaluate the proposed master plan and the institution's future impacts on surrounding neighborhoods.
1) The Institutional Master Plan must cover a ten-year period unless the City Commission approves a different time period at the time the Institutional Master Plan approval. An Institutional Master Plan will lapse and be of no further effect 10 years after the date of its approval by the City Commission unless the City Commission expressly establishes a different time period for expiration at the time of approval.
2) The Institutional Master Plan must include a statement that defines the organizational mission and objectives of the institution and description of how all development contemplated or defined by the institutional master plan advances the goals and objectives of the institution. The statement should describe the population to be served by the institution, and any projected changes in the size or composition of that population. It should also specify any services to be provided to residents in adjacent neighborhoods and in other areas of the Kalamazoo region.
3) The Institutional Master Plan must include a description of land, buildings, and other structures occupied by the institution as of the date of submission of the Institutional Master Plan.. At a minimum, the following information is required:
(a) Illustrative site plans showing the footprints of each building and structure, together with roads, sidewalks, parking, landscape features and other significant site improvements;
(b) Land and building uses;
(c) Gross floor area in square feet;
(d) Building height in stories and feet;
(e) Landscaping, signage and lighting plans; and
(f) A description of off-street parking and loading areas and facilities, including a statement of the approximate number of parking spaces in each area or facility.
4) The Institutional Master Plan must include a summary and projection of the institution's current and future needs for the following facilities:
(a) Academic;
(b) Service;
(c) Research;
(d) Office;
(e) Housing;
(f) Patient care;
(g) Public assembly;
(h) Parking; and
(i) Other facilities related to the institutional use.
5) The Institutional Master Plan must include a description of the land area and "development envelope" within which future development will occur. The development envelope must be described in narrative and through the use of drawings or models. The intent of this provision is to provide the institution with certainty regarding the future development potential of the site subject to the Institutional Master Plan while protecting the integrity of adjacent neighborhoods. The Institutional Master Plan must include the following estimates in describing the development envelope:
(a) Floor area ratio;
(b) Average daily and peak-hour traffic;
(c) Height;
(d) Setbacks;
(e) Total site area of open space; and
(f) Total number of parking spaces to be provided.
6) The Institutional Master Plan must include transportation and parking management plans that identify any traffic mitigation measures to be employed.
7) Institutional Master Plan must include pedestrian circulation guidelines and objectives, including a description of the circulation system to be provided through the campus and plans for ensuring the accessibility of pedestrian areas and open spaces.
8) The Institutional Master Plan must include design guidelines and objectives for new and renovated buildings and structures to assure their compatibility with supporting neighborhoods and districts and to minimize potential adverse impacts on such neighborhoods. Urban design guidelines must include listings of appropriate materials, height, bulk, massing and colors that will be used to guide the course of proposed and future development.
9) The Institutional Master Plan must identify standards and programs that will be put in place to ensure that the quality of the surrounding neighborhoods is maintained or enhanced. The Institutional Master Plan must report on the results of the institution's citizen participation effort in preparing the Institutional Master Plan. At a minimum, the citizen participation report must include the following information:
(a) Details of techniques the applicant used to involve the public.
(b) Dates, locations and attendance of all meetings where citizens were invited to discuss the applicant's proposal.
(c) A summary of concerns, issues and problems expressed during the process.
(d) Concerns, issues and problems the applicant is unwilling or unable to address and why.
10) The Institutional Master Plan must include a description of other nearby institutions and report on efforts to coordinate planning with those other institutions.